Cat & Dog Spaying
Quality Spaying Surgery for Pets in Mississauga
Elective surgeries like spay and neuter appear to be items to “shop” for, but please keep in mind that surgery and anesthesia is not something to be shopped by price, but by quality.
Think about whether you want a cheap surgery or a quality surgery. There are vast differences from hospital to hospital, and surgeon to surgeon, regarding experience, care, pain control, and safety. Please ‘shop’ carefully.
Included with the price of surgery at Clarkson Animal Hospital:
- Pre‐operative checkup with the veterinarian
- Pain medication before, during, and after surgery
- Pain Medication to be given at home
- Intravenous fluids – a must for hydration, emergency access to a vein, and to maintain blood pressure
- Safe maintenance of blood pressure and body temperature – a must for safety and comfort
- All re‐checks following surgery
Please ask us if you wish to see ‘behind the scenes’ to where your pet will stay, and to see the
What is Spaying?
For female cats and dogs, spaying ‘ovario-hysterectomy’ surgery involves the surgical removal (‐ectomy) of the ovaries (ovario-) and the uterus (hyster-) as a sterile procedure, under general anesthetic.
The surgery is only performed by a licensed, experienced veterinary surgeon here at the Clarkson Village Animal Hospital. This is exactly the same surgery as would be done on a person, under very similar surgical conditions and anesthetic.
Should I Have My Female Cat or Dog Spayed?
We recommend neutering all female pets who are not going to be used for breeding or showing, as an important part of basic preventive health care.
This decision is made easier knowing the benefits that you are making for your pet’s future health.
What are the Advantages of Spaying My Cat?
- Prevents your cat from going into heat or estrus; during “heat”, she may display unusual behaviour such as loud and persistent crying,as well as frequent rubbing and rolling on the floor.
- When in heat, the female experiences an urge to escape in order to find a mate; this urge is eliminated – thereby reducing roaming and keeping your cat safer.
- Helps to prevent breast cancer. A female cat spayed before her first heat cycle (about 6 months of age) will be less likely to develop mammary cancer when compared to an un‐spayed cat. The majority of cats who develop breast cancer have not been spayed, and over 80% of their tumors become malignant.
- Prevents disease exposure, severe infections, and abscesses, which would require surgical repair. While looking for a mate, your cat would come into contact with other cats. Cat bites can transmit diseases causing AIDS‐like syndromes and Feline Leukemia Virus.
- Eliminates the risk of uterine and ovarian cancer.
- No risk of pregnancy, thereby preventing unwanted litters and the needless deaths of kittens and cats.
What are the Advantages of Spaying My Dog?
- Prevents your dog from going into heat or estrus.
- When in “heat”, the female experiences an urge to escape in order to find a mate. This urge is eliminated – thereby reducing roaming and keeping your dog safer.
- Eliminates the possibility of false pregnancy following the “heat cycle”, during which your dog will go through all of the hormone changes and often all of the signs of pregnancy, when not pregnant.
- Prevents a potentially life threatening uterine infection called “pyometra”, during which the uterus fills with up to 2 litres of pus.
- Helps to prevent breast cancer. A female dog spayed before her first heat cycle (about 6 months of age) will be 500 times less likely to develop mammary cancer when compared to an un‐spayed dog. The more heat cycles a dog has, the greater risk of developing mammary
tumors a few years later. We expect to find breast cancer in any female dog who is not spayed by the age of 8 years old!
- Eliminates the risk of uterine and ovarian cancer.
- No risk of pregnancy.
What are the Disadvantages of Spaying My Pet?
Many people have misconceptions about the outcomes of spaying your pet.
For example, we are often asked about the risks of obesity after spaying. Obesity results from overfeeding a pet at the time of her life when she simply needs less, not more food. Spayed pets usually eat about the same amount of food that they ate before surgery, but they tend to expend less energy because spaying reduces sexual interest and roaming.
When this happens, some pets may have a tendency to gain weight. You should always monitor your pet’s weight and, if necessary, adjust the amount or type of food being fed. Proper nutrition is always important.
No scientific evidence supports the idea that allowing your dog or cat to have puppies or kittens, respectively, has a calming effect, any psychological benefit, or will make her a better pet.
Spaying does not cause detrimental changes in personality, playfulness, intelligence, or affection.
How Old Should My Pet Be When She is Spayed?
The surgery should ideally be performed just before the first heat cycle.
We therefore recommend spaying at six months of age.
Is the Operation Dangerous?
Ovariohysterectomy is a major abdominal surgery, requiring general anesthesia. The surgery is performed by an experienced veterinary surgeon using high quality materials under sterile conditions. With our modern anesthetics, blood pressure monitoring, standard use of intraoperative intravenous fluids, and experienced monitoring staff, the risk of anesthetic complication is exceedingly low.
Before surgery, your dog or cat will be given a physical examination. Pre-anesthetic blood testing is recommended to assess your pet’s internal organ function, in order to design a safe anesthetic regimen specifically for your animal.
Regardless of your dog or cat’s age or health status, we will work with you to do everything possible to keep your loved one safe and comfortable.
What Happens to My Pet During the Surgery?
The anesthetized patient, lying on her back, is shaved around the surgical site, and the skin is prepped with anti‐bacterial solutions for surgery.
The procedure involves making a small incision just below the umbilicus and surgically removing the ovaries and uterus. We use sterile dissolvable sutures at the incision sites internally, as well as to hold the abdomen muscle layers together. The same suture material holds the inner layer of the skin together, and then skin sutures are placed. These are removed in about 10 days.
The patient recovers from anesthetic in about 10‐15 minutes, is sitting up in about 15‐30 minutes, and walking within an hour or so.
Analgesics (pain medications) are administered before, during, and after surgery, to provide a comfortable recovery. Our highly experienced Ontario Registered Veterinary Technicians are with your pet during the full recovery period to ensure that no problems can arise.
What Post‐Operative Precautions Should I Take?
Everything will be carefully explained to you after your pet’s surgery, regarding surgery, post‐op medications (for pain control) and care.
When you get home, offer only small amounts of food and water at a time for the first night. Normal feeding can be resumed over the next day or two. Carefully follow the instructions for the pain medications, and call right away if you have any questions.
Almost 100% of the time, patients recover “too quickly”, and keeping your pet quiet is the toughest job of all!
Precautions for Cats
Rest and restricted activity are the primary post‐operative care you should provide for the first week or two. Most cats can resume normal activity a few days after surgery. Until then, keep her indoors, limit stair climbing, and make sure she gets lots of rest.
Your cat’s incision needs to be checked daily and the tiny skin sutures will need to be removed at your follow‐up visit.
The Clarkson Village Animal Hospital is open all night, and all day on weekends and holidays, should unexpected problems arise. Post-operative rechecks are included with the cost of the surgery, so please do not hesitate to call and come in.
Important: Please give no home medications without approval from our veterinarian. Drugs such as Tylenol, Advil, and Aspirin are absolutely toxic to cats. If your pet seems uncomfortable, call us, as additional pain medication is available if needed.
Precautions for Dogs
Not allowing licking at the sutures, and rest and restricted activity are the primary postoperative care you should provide for the first week or two. Most dogs can resume normal activity about a week after surgery. Until then, leash walks, no running or climbing stairs and
lots of rest are the rule.
Your dog’s incision needs to be checked daily and the tiny skin sutures will need to be removed at your follow‐up visit.
The Clarkson Village Animal Hospital is open all night, and all day on weekends and holidays, should any unexpected problems arise. Post-operative rechecks are included with the cost of the surgery, so please do not hesitate to call and come in.
Important: Please give no home medications without approval from our veterinarian. If your pet seems uncomfortable, call us, as additional pain medication is available if needed.